The people who ran the Underground Railroad helped slaves escape along dangerous routes. The object of their mission was to get slaves out of the South, where slaves lived and worked on plantations, to Canada where slavery was not legal and where fugitives could not be captured and returned to their masters.

Slaves living in the deep south might travel to Mexico or Cuba instead of trying to go so far north. Some went to Florida and blended in with the Native American tribes living there.

If you were an agent on the Underground Railroad, you would make plans to help slaves escape. You would need to know what route to take to get slaves safely to freedom.

Use the map below to...
  • pick a state where slavery was. This is where the journey will start.
  • pick a place where the journey will end. Will you go to Canada, Mexico or Cuba?
  • Name all the states you will have to travel through.



routes.gif
Source: The Underground Railroad Site: Underground Railroad Routes 1860. UC Davis School of Education, Davis, CA.

If you are at Maddux Elementary in Cincinnati, ask Mrs. Williams to show you the Seibert map that has all the routes that slaves used to get through Ohio.


Activity 1: Click the discussion tab above to post your escape route OR Print the map from SIRS Discover and use a marker to draw a line showing your route to freedom.

  • Pick a state where slavery was. This is where the journey will start.
  • Pick a place where the journey will end. Will you go to Canada, Mexico or Cuba?
  • Name all the states you will have to travel through.

1861-65: Civil War North & South

NOTE: SIRS Discoverer is one of the resources available from INFOhio. A username and password are required for home access to the resources. Ask your teacher or media specialist.